The Three Ms for Effective Learning
We ground our empirically supported guidance on research in the areas of Mindset, Metacognition, and Memory. University of Iowa students, instructors, and staff are already implementing these concepts in their learning and teaching.
All new UI students learn about the Three Ms in their required onboarding course, Success at Iowa. The course provides students with information at each stage of their transition to help them reach their goals at the University of Iowa.
Having a growth mindset helps students understand that they can learn through effort and deliberate practice.
Thinking about thinking is important for monitoring progress towards a learning task and realizing when something is still unclear.
Learning "sticks" in memory, and some learning practices produce stronger memories than others. To learn more effectively, students can use evidence-based memory strategies.
"Metacognition journals helped me to easily plan, monitor, and evaluate my learning... [which] helped me to actually change up my studying habits... when I needed to."
First-year student, Psychology
"I changed the way I prepared for exams entirely and I have seen insane improvements in not only my letter grade, I am much more confident before exams."
Third-year student, Speech & Hearing Sciences